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23권 2호 345-356 2022 [IJAT]

분야 Chassis
언어 English
저자 Yu Song(School of Engineering, Anhui Agricultural University), Jun Liu(Hefei University of Technology), Huajian Weng(Hefei University of Technology), Yaozhong Hu(Hefei University of Technology), He Huang(Hefei University of Technology)
Key Words EV, Direct yaw moment control, Driver model, Fuzzy sliding mode control
초록 An eight-degree-of-freedom vehicle dynamic model with electromechanical coupling was established for a four-wheel-independent-drive electric vehicle (4WID-EV). Based on the single-point preview optimal curvature theory, an adaptive fuzzy PID driver model with lateral acceleration feedback was designed, and the control of vehicle trajectory tracking was achieved in the driver-vehicle-road closed-loop coupling model. With the sideslip angle and yaw rate as control variables, the upper layer of a fuzzy sliding mode controller and the lower layer of an optimal distribution controller of the yaw moment were designed. The optimal longitudinal forces of four driving wheels were determined to achieve vehiclehandling stability. J-turn, fishhook, and snake-shaped pile simulations were carried out in MATLAB/Simulink. The results showed that the fuzzy sliding mode controller significantly improved the driving stability of the system, and it had a better anti-chattering ability than the sliding mode control strategy. The established lateral acceleration feedback adaptive fuzzy PID driver model had good trajectory tracking ability. Integration of the two controllers can better achieve both trajectory tracking
and driving stability of a 4WID-EV.
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